Image: Types of Electric Vehicles

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

Electric vehicles (EVs) are rapidly gaining popularity, and there are several types to choose from. Below are the most common kinds of EVs.

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

BEVs are fully electric and do not have a gasoline engine. They are considered zero-emission vehicles since they don't generate tailpipe emissions or air pollution. A rechargeable battery pack powers the car.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

HEVs combine a gasoline engine and an electric motor. The battery can recharge through regenerative braking, which captures energy that's typically lost in conventional cars. This energy can assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

PHEVs also use both a gasoline engine and an electric motor. They have larger batteries than HEVs and can be charged by plugging into the grid. PHEVs can travel for several dozen miles on battery power alone before the gasoline engine takes over. After the all-electric range is depleted, they function as regular hybrids and use gasoline.